Thu, Dec 13, 2001


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Ministry of Pastor Joe Guglielmo teachings through the Bible, verse by verse for a better understanding of Gods Word.

     Please turn in your Bibles to Matthew chapter 26 as we continue our study through the Word of God. Now keep in mind that this is the week of Passover and in just a few days "the" Passover Lamb, Jesus Christ, would be slain to pay for the sins of the world. That is where we will pick up our study this evening, beginning in verse 1 of Matthew chapter 26, and let’s see what the Lord has for us this evening.





1. This has been a very busy day of ministry concluding with His message He gave to His disciples on the Mount of Olives regarding His second coming, the end of the age.


2. Traditionally we celebrate the crucifixion of Jesus on Friday, but the text seems to indicate it was a Thursday. You see, it was Tuesday and thus Passover would be in two days, on Thursday. Then why did the Jews want the criminals, including Jesus, off the cross by sunset for the next day was a high holy day? Because there were two high holy days that week. Following the Feast of Passover, which was on the 14th of Nisan, came the Feast of Unleavened Bread which began on the 15th of Nisan or Friday, which was a high holy day, and ran for 7 days. Thus, that Saturday, or Friday evening into Saturday, was also a high holy day, the Sabbath. Which fits completely with what the Scriptures say and not what our tradition says!




1. The religious leaders wanted Jesus dead, they feared Rome would take away their power if things got out of control. So they plotted to kill Him, but not during the Passover, for there were too many people in town for this feast, and they may cause some problems. Josephus tells us that some 250,000 lambs were slaughtered for this feast during the days of Jesus. That means Jerusalem swelled to some 2 to 3 million people for 1 Passover lamb was to be slain for every 10 people according to Exodus. That means 250,000 lambs were slaughtered with the blood flowing out the temple into the Brook Kidron in the Kidron Valley, and the place that "the" Passover Lamb would cross to get to the Garden of Gethsemane!


2. Annas was the High Priest but he came into disfavor with the Roman government and his four children were too busy making a profit as the money changers and selling sacrifices at high prices, so he let his son-in-law be the High Priest, Caiaphas. But Annas still had lots of control, lots of power. And these religious leaders had their plan to put Jesus to death, but God had another one, that Jesus would be sacrificed on Passover as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world! Never forget that fact, God is in control even when things seem out of control!




1. John chapter 12 tells us this event took place on the Friday before Passover, 6 days before this feast. This meal took place at Simon the leper’s or should I say ex-leper’s house, for a leper could not fellowship or eat with those who were clean. So this man was healed by Jesus at some point in His ministry and now he opens his home to Jesus. Also Lazarus, Mary and Martha, friends of Jesus were there.




1. John tells us that Martha served at this meal and Mary worshiped Jesus, she was the one who anointed Jesus with oil. Keep in mind this is not the same Mary or the same story we read of in Luke chapter 7.




1. The disciples were mad that Mary wasted a years wages, probably her dowery, her ticket to marriage, on Jesus when it could have been used for helping others. And John tells us that Judas was the angriest over this since he took care of the money and he saw it going down the drain! In fact, in John 12:4-6 we are told, "Then one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, who would betray Him, said, ‘Why was this fragrant oil not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?’ This he said, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and had the money box; and he used to take what was put in it."And what a sad picture of worship they had, as many today do!


VERSES 10-13


1. Please understand this, nothing you give to Jesus is ever wasted! Mary was worshiping the Lord and yes, worship is costly, it can cost us our lives, our jobs, our relationships, and-so-on. And think about it, if you truly love someone, you will give to them what they desire, no matter the cost. What about the Lord? And yes, it did cost Mary much, but look at the blessings she received. After she wiped His feet with her hair, she took on the fragrance of Jesus, and that is what worship will do. Turn to the person next to you and take a sniff, how are they smelling? No, don’t do that. But how are you smelling this evening? How is your home smelling this evening? Maybe you need to spend more time with Jesus, just worshiping Him! One last thing, look at the memorial she has left behind of the love and devotion she had for the Lord. What are you leaving behind?


VERSES 14-16


1. Judas didn’t like the way things were going, he didn’t like the rebuke he got from Jesus, so he plots to have Jesus delivered to the religious leaders, to be arrested, for just 30 pieces of silver, the price of a slave and the fulfillment of what Zechariah 11:12 says. And in Psalm 41:9 we read, "Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted up his heel against me."


VERSES 17-19


1. Luke 22:8 tells us that Peter and John were the two disciples who went to prepare for this Passover meal. Keep in mind that these two Feasts were spoken of many times as one, and called the Feast of Unleavened Bread. So this is speaking of the Passover meal, it was Wednesday, and at sundown, according to the Jewish calendar, it would be Thursday, the 14thof Nisan.




1. Again, keep in mind it is our Wednesday still, but their Thursday has already begun, the Feast of Passover has started.


VERSES 21-22


1. No one recognized it was Judas, he was that good and Jesus treated him with the same love he treated the rest of His men with. In fact, the disciples were wondering if it might be one of them. They thought no, but then again, maybe?


VERSES 23-25


1. When we think of the Last Supper what comes to mind is the painting of Jesus and His disciples sitting at a table. That is wrong, sorry! They reclined on the floor around a U-shaped table. The Scriptures tell us that John sat to the right of Jesus and Judas was on His left side, the place of honor! Jesus gave him every opportunity to turn from his evil plan, but he refused, just as the Scriptures say. But also understand it does not negate his responsibility for doing what he did, he had a choice and so do people today! Jesus loves them but many times they turn against Him and their fate is sealed! It is at this point that Judas leaves, he is not going to partake of communion.


VERSES 26-29


1. This new covenant is not based upon man’s faithfulness, but upon God’s. One Greek word for "covenant" is SYNTHEKE, and it speaks of a deal made between two people, both playing a role in this contract. But that is not the word Jesus used. He used the Greek word DIATHEKE which speaks of a one person contract, and in this case, it is based upon God. It is as Ephesians 2:8-9 says, "For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast."


2. The picture that is being painted for us is the bread and the wine represent the body and the blood of Jesus, to remind us what it cost Him to save us. Paul makes that point in I Corinthians 11:23-26, "For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, ‘Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.’ In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, ‘This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.’ For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death till He comes." Thus, as we celebrate communion that is what we are to be reminded of, it should draw us closer to Him and we are to do this until He comes again!


3. This fourth cup that Jesus will not drink until He drinks it with us during the marriage supper of the Lamb in heaven, is the cup of joy, and what a joyful time that will be! It will be a joyous celebration as the Bridegroom and the bride come together!




1. As they were coming out of Jerusalem, Jesus and His men sang a Psalm, some believe Psalm 118, part of the Hallel Psalms that were sung during the Feast. Now as they come out the east gate of the temple and enter the Kidron Valley, they pass through the Brook Kidron which was filled with the blood of the sacrificed lambs. I wonder what Jesus was thinking as they passed through this Brook, knowing that His blood would soon be shed? And as they continue on to the Mount of Olives, they are heading to the Garden of Gethsemane to pray. Gethsemane means olive press! Jesus is going to be crushed for us!


VERSES 31-32


1. Again we see another fulfillment of prophecy from Zechariah 13:7 where the shepherd is struck and the sheep will be scattered. That is what the Lord said will happen, but Peter and the other guys see things a little differently than the Lord. And that is always a big mistake!




1. The word that Jesus and Peter use for "stumble" is the Greek word SKANDALIZEN which speaks of taking offense at someone or something and turning away and falling into sin. And Peter boldly rejected what the Lord said. He was not going to stumble! It is better to listen to the Lord’s warning than to think you are above it, because if you refuse, you will fall, you will stumble!


VERSES 34-35


1. As they are walking to the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mount of Olives, Peter continues to argue with the Lord. He refused to believe his flesh was weak, he thought he was strong enough to stand for the Lord, to die for Him, and as we are going to see, he would not even be able to say he knew Jesus! The flesh must be dealt with or it will grow out of control. Paul said in Romans 13:14, "But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts." Again in Romans Paul says "For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find." Romans 7:18. What can we do about it? Paul tell us in Galatians 5:16, "I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh." We tend to walk in the flesh to fulfill the things of the Spirit and that just does not work!


VERSES 36-37


1. Jesus has emotions. He was "sorrowful" which is the Greek word LYPEISTHAI and it means "to be grieved or sad to the point of distress." He knew what was before Him and He brought those who were close to Him to be there with Him during this time, and Peter, James and John were part of that inner circle, they came even farther with Jesus.


2. One more point I want you to think about as they are in the Garden of Gethsemane, the olive press. Before the oil of the Holy Spirit could be given, Jesus was going to be broken, He was going to be crushed! In speaking of the Holy Spirit, Jesus said in John 16:7,"Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you." Also, in John 14:16-17 Jesus said, "And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever– the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you."


VERSES 38-39


1. I don’t know how much clearer this could be. If salvation could be obtained by any other way, by any other means other than through Jesus, then the Father ignored the prayer of His Son. And we know that is not the case and thus, there is no other way! Yes, the cross does offend people because it narrows salvation down to one way, through Jesus! It is as Paul said,"For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time." I Timothy 2:3-6.


2. The sins of the world would be placed upon Jesus and His response is "not as I will, but as You will" and that should be our prayer as we go through tough times, as we seek the Lord through anything. It is what is best, it is not a copout or a lack of faith as some teach, but it is the wisest thing we can do!


VERSES 40-41


1. These were the ones who were to be with Jesus during this difficult time, and yet they are sleeping. And how true the words of Jesus are, the flesh truly is weak!


VERSES 42-44


1. Is this something you could pray? I hope so! Our desire should be to do the will of the Father. There are things that happened in my life that I would rather have taken away, not go through. But, in saying that, I also know that God allows things to occur in our life not to destroy us, but to strengthen us in Him. Remember what Paul said in II Corinthians 12:7-10,"And lest I should be exalted above measure by the abundance of the revelations, a thorn in the flesh was given to me, a messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I be exalted above measure. Concerning this thing I pleaded with the Lord three times that it might depart from me. And He said to me, ‘My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness.’ Therefore most gladly I will rather boast in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in needs, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ's sake. For when I am weak, then I am strong." May we not forget that!




1. Between verses 45 and 46 there could have been an hour or so that passed by. You see, as Jesus finished His third prayer, He finds His men sleeping again. They couldn’t watch, but I believe Jesus was watching over them, praying for His men for He knew the things that would come upon them. And I believe the Lord does no less for us! It is as Hebrews 7:25 says,"Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them."


VERSES 46-47


1. As Jesus sat there, He saw these multitudes coming with their torches lit, to arrest Him, led by Judas. John tells us a cohort of Roman soldiers came to arrest Jesus, some 600 men, plus others, maybe some 1,000 people to take just 1 man!


VERSES 48-49


1. The plan of Judas was to go and kiss Jesus, which would be a sign to the Roman soldiers that He was the one to arrest. And understand this was not just a peck on the cheek, for the Greek word that is used for "kiss" speaks of a fervent kiss, a passionate kiss, that was done in love. Judas betrayed Jesus with a kiss of love! Also, Judas calls Him "rabbi" not Lord because he refused to bow to the lordship of Jesus, as many do today, calling Him a great teacher but not Lord!


VERSE 50-51


1. Big, strong Peter gets out his small sword and cuts off the ear of the servant of the High Priest, Malchus. That is why this fisherman was not a soldier, he missed the head and got an ear!


VERSES 52-54


1. It is truly foolish on our part when we think the Lord needs our help to defend Him. Yes, there were 600 soldiers and maybe some 1,000 people in all, but Jesus could handle it. He could have called to His Father and had 12 legions of angels, some 72,000 at His disposal. And think about this, it only took 1 angel to destroy 185,000 Assyrians in one night! So this would have been overkill! But, in doing that He would not have gone to the cross, He would not have fulfilled the will of the Father, and the Scriptures would have been broken, we would still be lost in our sins!


2. Luke tells us that Jesus healed the ear of Malchus, and I find that very interesting. You see, the last miracle Jesus did in His earthly ministry was fixing what Peter did. Even today the Lord is fixing ears that have been cut off by His blundering servants, you and me, in our zeal! Be careful and minister in the love of Jesus!


VERSES 55-56


1. Again, Jesus points to the fact that all these events did not happen because things got out of control, but they are the fulfillment of what the prophets, what the Scriptures said!




1. There were actually six trials that Jesus faced, three religious trials: before Annas - John 18:12-14, before Caiaphas - Matthew 26:57-68, and before the Sanhedrin - Matthew 27:1-2; and three civil trials: before Pilate - John 18:28-38, before Herod - Luke 23:6-12, and before Pilate - John 18:39-19-6.


2. This second religious trial here in Matthew was illegal, for it occurred during the night. And yet these religious leaders felt very comfortable in breaking their own law to put Jesus to death for breaking their law, or so they said. Actually He was innocent!


VERSES 58-61


1. Here is a huge red flag, warning signs should have been going up. Why? Because Peter was following Jesus at a distance and when you do that it will always get you into trouble! You see, sin is much easier to do when Jesus is pushed aside, out of the picture, so be careful. As James says, "Draw near to God and He will draw near to you..." James 4:8.


2. Now someone said that Jesus claimed that He was going to destroy this temple, something He said some 3 years earlier, and that was a capital offense. They could have put Him to death for that. But even this false statement couldn’t be agreed upon by the false witnesses according to Mark 14:59. And Jesus was not talking about a building but His body, which would be destroyed and yet rise on the third day. John 2:19-21 makes this very clear, "Jesus answered and said to them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’ Then the Jews said, ‘It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?’ But He was speaking of the temple of His body." Again, this was a false charge against Jesus but they were desperate to find anything to charge Him and sentence Him!


VERSES 62-63


1. Obviously they did not believe the Messiah was to be the Son of God but the Son of Man, like Moses. But remember what took place in Matthew 22:41-45, "While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, saying, ‘What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?’ They said to Him, ‘The Son of David.’ He said to them, ‘How then does David in the Spirit call Him "Lord," saying: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool" ’? ‘If David then calls Him "Lord," how is He his Son?’" You see, Jesus showed that the Messiah was to not only be the Son of Man but the Son of God! It is as Paul said in Romans 1:3-4, "concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead." But they rejected this truth with the High Priest making Jesus speak forth by putting Him under an oath!


VERSES 64-68


1. Jesus says "I AM" and it causes the High Priest to tear his clothes, which was unlawful for the High Priest to do according to Leviticus 21:10. And thus, the death sentence is passed and they begin to mock, hit, spit, upon the Son of God. In fact, Isaiah 52:14 says, "Just as many were astonished at you, so His visage was marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men." Now these men see things differently, but it is too late for them! Don’t make the same mistake by trampling over Jesus!


2. As all of this is going on inside, outside is Peter and in the remaining verses of this chapter we see the words of Jesus come to pass.


VERSES 69-70


1. The first one to confront Peter about him being with Jesus is a servant girl, and he denies that he was ever with Jesus. Lie number one!


VERSES 71-72


1. Now this other servant girl not only confronts Peter, but she is getting the crowd into it. And this time he denies he even knew Jesus with an oath, like "I swear to God I don’t know the man!" Lie number two!


VERSES 73-75


1. Luke tells us an hour or so had passed and maybe Peter thought he was now safe, that is until a eyewitness recognizes him. In John 18:26 we are told, "One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of him whose ear Peter cut off, said, ‘Did I not see you in the garden with Him?’" And this time Peter begins to curse with an oath, like "If I am lying may God strike me dead!" I don’t think you want to be too close to people like that, especially in a thunderstorm! Lie number three and what does Peter hear, the rooster crow, just as the Lord had said!


2. Peter is broken at this point. In fact, in Luke 22:61-62 we read, "And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, ‘Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.’ So Peter went out and wept bitterly." And please understand that it was not a look of anger, or disgust, or disappointment, but of love that broke the heart of Peter as their eyes met! God is going to restore Peter as He restores us when we fail. The point I want to close with this evening is this. The Lord knows us better than we know ourselves and He will bring us to the place where we will see we can’t do it on our own, and then He can work in us for it won’t be by our power or our might but His! It is as Paul said in Philippians 4:13, "I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me." You see, you don’t have the strength to walk without God’s help. Look to Him to be the strength of your life. Look to the ROCK that is higher than you!

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